Multan Fort (Qilla Kohna Qasim Bagh)

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Multan Fort (Qilla Kohna Qasim Bagh)

Multan is a Historical city. Its History spread on centuries. Multan is Also Known as the city of “Garma, Gard, Gada and Goristan”. Multan fort is situated in the center of city. Multan Fort was built on a mound separating it from the city by the old bed of river Ravi. Its date cannot be fixed with accuracy. Apart from the shrines, most of the fort was destroyed by the British in 1848-49 to avenge the death of Lieutenant Alexander vans Agnew, killed in Multan by order of the Sikh governor. Agnew's memorial obelisk stands on a plinth at one of the highest points of the fort mound. A panoramic view of Multan City can be had from the highest point in the fort. The Fort was originally known as Katochgarh and is attributed to have been built by the Katoch Dynasty.

Location: Located in Center of City near to Multan Cricket Club next to Shah Rukn-e-Alam’s Mazar, Multan, Pakistan.

Structure: The fort was notable both for its effectiveness as a defence installation and for its architecture. Contemporary reports put the walls of the fort at 40 to 70 feet (21 m) high and 6,800 feet (2 km) in circumference. The fort's 46 bastions included two flanking towers at each of the four gates (the De, Sikki, Hareri and Khizri Gates). A ditch 25 feet (7.6 m) deep and 40 feet (12 m) wide and an 18-foot (5.5 m) glacis protected the fort from intruders. Within the fort stood a citadel flanked by 30 towers, enclosing mosques, a Hindu temple and a Khan's palace. The citadel was severely damaged by the battering it got from the guns of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1818.

Attractions Inside:

  • Dam Dama: The Damdama is a massive block of a building constructed on a mound of earth fill. It is highest part of Fort Kohna Multan and it was used as watch tower / Gunnery. Walled inner old city Multan is higher than New Multan and fort is highest in inner walled city Multan so it is highest place in Multan. People come here and have photo shoots as tomb of Shah Rukn Alam comes in background.
  • Tomb Bahaudin Zikarya 1170 AD, an ancient tomb in Fort Kohna Multan.
  • Tomb Shah Rukne Alam 1335 A.D: Shrine Shah Rukne Alam since 1335 A.D. very old and historic. It is located inside Fort Kohna of Multan inside the inner city. Comprising of ancient Multani architecture , bricks and blue/green decorations, a large doom which is said to be second largest in world that times. It is the most beautiful place to visit Multan, it was awarded Agha Khan Award for architecture and since then it is used as identity of Multan city. No doubt it is no.1 place to visit in Multan.
  • Tomb of Shah Bukhari Fort Kohna Multan.
  • Ibne Qasim International Cricket Stadium now used for football Fort Kohna Multan.
  • Qasim Park / Qasim Bagh / Qasim Garden inside Fort Kohna Multan.
  • Old Zamzama Cannon of nineteenth century in Police Lines Fort Kohna Multan.
  • Barood Khana / Nigar Khana / Gunpowder Store: Barood Khana of Fort Kohna Multan was used as storehouse of gunpowder and weapons. It was badly damaged during siege of Multan by British in 1848. Pakistani government converted into a Nigar Khana or art house for selling handicrafts.
  • Ruins of Perhaland temple alongside tomb Bahaudin Zikarya Fort Kohna Multan.
  • Feed the wild pigeons in Multan Fort.

Gates: There were four other gates which belong to Kohna Fort of Multan, out of which only first survives.

  • Qasim Gate
  • Khizri Gate
  • Sikhi Gate
  • Hareri Gate

Qasim Bagh:

  • Monument of Lt Patrick Alexander vans Agnew: Lt Patrick Alexander Vans Agnew came from Bombay to Multan when it was Sikh Raj in Mooltan. He was killed and then British occupied Multan after a bloody battle and a monument was made now in Qasim Bagh inside Fort Kohna Multan.
  • Grave of Lt Patrick Alexander vans Agnew.
  • Grave of William Anderson: Army personnel from British Army and killed by Mulraj who was Raja of Multan (Mooltan that times) in 1948.
  • An old jet fighter plane.

Unique Facts:

  • Fort Kohna dates back to BC and said to be the place where Alexender the Great was wounded and never recovered again. Although Fort Kohna was completely different place at that times.
  • When British came, there were four gates of Fort Kohna Multan on four corners. Only one exisits now and called Bab ul Qasim. This name was given to it when Muhammad Ibne Qasim attacked fort and captured it in 0712 AD.
  • The walls of the fort were built by Murad Baksh, the son of the Shah Jahan, when he was the viceroy of Multan in the early 17th, century.
  • The Fort site now looks as a part of the city, because instead of the river it is now separated by a road which looks more like a bazaar and remains crowded throughout the day.


Landmarks < Multan < Multan District < Punjab < Pakistan

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