Haveli Man Singh (Rohtas Fort)

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Haveli Man Singh (Rohtas Fort)


There are no major palaces in the Rohtas Fort except for the structure built by Raja Maan Singh called the Haveli of Maan Singh (Maan Singh Palace). Man Sing (Man Singh I) (December 21, 1550 – July 6, 1614) was the Kacchwaha King of Amber, a state later known as Jaipur. He was a trusted general of the Mughal emperor Akbar, who included him among the Navaratnas, or the 9(nava) gems(ratna) of the royal court. Maan Singh Haveli was built on the highest point of the fortress. It’s not the original part of the fortress. On the whole this fort is built in Afghan-Persian style but the balconies have Hindu architecture and same balconies can be seen in Haveli Maan Singh. So far it’s unknown that what exactly the cause of destruction of Haveli Maan Singh. Though it’s not the result of natural calamities, however archeological investigations have begun now to reveal the facts.

Location: Haveli Maan Singh, Rohtas Fort, Jehlum District, Pakistan

The Tribune of Sep 18, 2011 – Rohtas Fort The Treasure Of Potohar: Rohtas Fort is one of the finest specimens of pre-Mughal military architecture. It is probably one of the only surviving early Muslim structure in Pakistan. Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). The foundation of the fort was laid in 1541 by Sher Shah Suri, who is labelled as “the most illustrious Afghan in history” by Sir Olaf Caroe. Sher Shah named Rohtas after the older hill fortress of Rohtasgarh in Bihar (now in India) that had been captured by him three years earlier. Ironically, Rohtas was never used for the purpose for which it was built. Sher Shah died in 1545, his reign lasting barely six years. His death quickly led to the fall of his empire and only ten years later a triumphant Humayun returned to his throne. Tatar Khan Khasi, the then governor of Rohtas, fled without a battle. In the years to come, Rohtas Fort lost its importance as the frontier garrison especially when Humayun’s son Akbar built his great fort in Attock in the 1580s. Under the Mughals, Rohtas was left largely to itself. The Mughal emperors Akbar and his son Jehangir are known to have briefly stayed at Rohtas Fort en route to Kashmir. The Persian invader Nadir Shah and the Afghan ruler Ahmed Shah Abdali also camped here during their campaigns in the Punjab. Rohtas Fort was also occasionally used for administrative purposes by the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh and during the British period but little attention was paid to its historical value and its preservation. Rohtas Fort is now a national protected monument and a Unesco world heritage site. Few of the original buildings erected in the inner citadel survive today. Amongst these perhaps the most enigmatic building is Haveli Man Singh. This domed tower is named after one of Akbar’s greatest generals and is the only surviving example of Hindu architecture within the fort. A fading Urdu sign board titled “The story of Rohtas in its own words” welcomes and bids farewell to the visitors of Rohtas. It reads: “I have been the abode of Muslim kings. Sher Shah Suri made me immortal by constructing a magnificent and inconceivable fortress around me. I was the center of his military might. My eternal fame is a proud part of History. In those days I had abundance or wealth and riches. Those were the days of my prosperity. “Centuries have since passed. The era of atomic power then came. Science has given man the power to eradicate entire humanity from the face of this earth in a single instance. Now my once indubitable significance and grandeur means nothing. And the magnificence of this fort collapsed and crushed in pieces.”

Related Links:

Wikipedia: Sher Shah Suri
Wikipedia: Raja Maan Singh

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Landmarks < Jhelum < Jhelum District < Punjab < Pakistan

Nearby locations < 1 km

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