Pakistan (National) Monument and Museum Islamabad

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Pakistan (National) Monument and Museum Islamabad

Selection of Architect: The idea to build a national monument was conceived by the Ministry of Culture and the Pakistan Council of Architects and Town Planners (PCATP), entrusted to design a befitting structure to represent the aspirations of the people of Pakistan. The PCATP organized a national competition around the theme of signifying strength, unity and dedication of the people of Pakistan into an icon representing an independent and free nation. From a total of twenty submissions, three were short-listed. Finally, the design proposed by Arif Masood was selected.

Foundation: The foundation stone was laid on 25 May 2004 and the complex was completed by the end of 2006 for inauguration on 23 March 2007. The total cost incurred was more than Rs.580 million.

Architecture: The architecture of the monument represents the four provinces and three territories of Pakistan. The structure comprises four blossoming flower petals, built of granite, representing the unity of Pakistani people. From air the monument looks like a star (center) and a crescent moon (formed by walls forming the petals), these represent the star and crescent on Pakistan's flag. The blooming flower shape of the monument represents Pakistan's progress as a rapidly developing country. The four main petals of the monument represent the four provinces (Balochistan, North West Frontier Province, Punjab, and Sindh), while the three smaller petals represent the Northern Areas, Azad Kashmir and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas. The Monument has been designed to reflect the culture and civilization of the country and depicts the story of the Pakistan Movement, dedicated to those who sacrificed themselves for future generations. The inner walls of the petals are decorated with murals. The central platform is made in the shape of a five-pointed star which is surrounded by a water body. A metallic crescent surrounding the star is inscribed with sayings of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and poetry of Allama Iqbal. The murals on the inside of large petals are based on Islamic architecture, and were decorated by a team of artists led by Kausar Jahan and Zarar Haider Babri, who spent a total of 119,000 hours on the artwork.
  • The first petal features the Makli Tombs, Shahjahan Mosque, Rohtas Fort, Gawadar, and Faisal Mosque.
  • The second petal depicts the images of Quiad-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Fatima Jinnah, Minar-e-Pakistan, Badshahi Mosque, Shila Tunnel, Karakorum Highway and a group of cheering people at Jinnah's public appearance.
  • The third petal reflects Allama Iqbal, the Shah Rukn-e-Alam's Tomb, Mahabat Khan Mosque, Indus Valley Civilization, Lahore Fort and Indus River Delta.
  • The fourth petal comprises the images of Sheesh Mehal, Lahore, Shalimar Gardens, the Uch Sharif Tomb, Islamia College Peshawar, the Ziarat Residency, the Khyber Pass and a polo match.
Facing the monument, on the right side, down below the stairs stand four pillars, one inscribed with the three cardinal principals of the Quaid (Muhammad Ali Jinnah - founder of Pakistan) "Unity, Faith and Disciple" in english while the other three pillars bear the same in Urdu, one on each. There are a number of beautiful fountains on the main and secondary terraces which give an enchanting look, especially at night. Just opposite the main stair case is the Pakistan Monument Museum.

Other Attractions: On weekends, there is a flag lowering ceremony by a smartly turned out contingent of Pakistan Army and the mounted President's Body Guards. The sounding of the Retreat by the buglers atop the building of the Pakistan Monument Museum is an awe inspiring moment. People from the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad flock in great numbers to witness the ceremony. So next time you happen to visit Islamabad, do not miss to visit the Monument and specially the National Flag lowering ceremony.

Construction started: May 25, 2004

Construction Completed: March 23, 2007

Owner: Ministry of Culture, Pakistan

Architect: Arif Masoud

Structural Engineer: Muhammad Naeem Khan Lodhi

Civil Engineer: Wasim Rajput

Main Contractor: Universal Corporation Private LTD.

Entry Fee Museum: Rs20 for Adults and Rs10 for Children.

Rules Inside Museum: No Eatables Allowed. No touching artifacts.

Address: The monument is located at the west viewpoint of the Shakar Parian Hills, and is spread over a total area of 2.8 hectares.

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Dawn of Feb 26, 2011 – Pakistan National Monument - Reliving History: It is grand, it is huge and it is absolutely magnificent! Welcome to the Pakistan National Monument which is located at the west viewpoint of the Shakar Parian Hills in Islamabad. The monument is dedicated to martyrs who sacrificed their lives for our beloved country. Once you enter the wrought iron gates, you come across a path that divides into two. The one that leads to the left takes you to the Pakistan Monument Museum. The museum is truly awe-inspiring and one must commend the efforts of the designers, artists and sculptors who have preserved our precious heritage and rich culture in such an extraordinary way. The multi-dimensional, life-like exhibits in the museum display our journey from the advent of Islam in the subcontinent to the struggle for freedom and the desire of Muslims there to have a separate homeland of their own under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Once you enter the museum, you are asked to wear plastic covers on your shoes so as not to bring in dust and grime from outdoors. I cannot really do justice to the grandeur and magnificence of the displays which are very vivid in colour and rich in detail. The history of the Indus Valley Civilisation, the arrival of Islam in the subcontinent, the majestic Mughal era, the Freedom Movement of 1857, the poetry and dream of Allama Iqbal and Jinnah’s peerless leadership is brought all to life before our eyes. There are realistic statues, wonderful paintings, pictures and colourful backgrounds to bring history alive to its modern viewers. We can easily spend hours here absorbing our wonderful historical heritage. The upper floor of the museum houses the Audio-Visual Centre which houses rare speeches, photos, videos, documentaries and national records. A special section for children offers video games, interactive quiz, music and movies related to our forefathers’ struggle and many sacrifices for the sake of our homeland. A section of the museum also depicts the country’s development and success in various fields. The entry fee for the museum is just Rs20 for adults and Rs10 for children. Mobile phones have to be switched off and no eatables are allowed inside. The visitors are not allowed to touch the artifacts. It is important that we respect and follow the rules and not argue with the caretakers so that this museum remains in this pristine condition. The Pakistan Monument is located across from the museum. The petal-shaped granite structure has been designed to reflect the history, culture and unity of the provinces of Pakistan. The inner walls of the petals are decorated with murals which show important landmarks of Pakistan like Lahore Fort, Badshahi Mosque, Khyber Pass, Minar-e-Pakistan, etc. There is also a metallic crescent that is inscribed with sayings of Quaid-e-Azam and poetry of Allama Iqbal. The monument is surrounded by green and well-groomed gardens that give a very serene impact. There is a large circular terrace at one end of the monument from where one can have a terrific bird’s eye view of the capital city. This section is called the Islamabad View Point. A lift is also available for the physically handicapped to take them to the upper level to see the monument. The Pakistan National Monument is a fantastic tribute to those who sacrificed their today for our better tomorrow. We can show our gratitude and appreciation only by working hard for the progress and development of this wonderful country of ours. Long live Pakistan!


Landmarks < Islamabad < Islamabad District < Islamabad Capital Territory < Pakistan

Nearby locations < 1 km

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