Samadhi of Ranjit Singh

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Samadhi of Ranjit Singh


The Samadhi of Ranjit Singh (Punjabi: رنجیت سنگھ دی سمادھی) is the mausoleum of the Sikh ruler Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780 - 1839). It is located near the Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan. Construction was started by his son, Kharak Singh on the spot where he was cremated, and was completed by his youngest son, Duleep Singh in 1848. The tomb exemplifies Sikh architecture, it is gilded fluted domes and cupolas and an ornate balustrade round the top. Ranjit Singh's ashes are contained in a marble urn in the shape of a lotus, sheltered under a marble pavilion inlaid with pietra dura, in the centre of the tomb.
Opposite to the Fort entrance (Shah Burj Gate), to the west, is the Samadhi of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It is a mixture of Hindu and Muslim architecture. Substantially Hindu with Mohammaden details, and is built of stone in plain, unpretending style. The front of the doorway has images of Ganesh, Devi and Brahma, the Hindu deities, cut in red sand stone. The ceilings are gorgeously decorated with small convex mirrors, set in white cement. The carved marble lotus flower in the central vault, set beneath a canopy, covers the ashes of the great Maharaja, and the smaller flowers of the same description around are in memory of his four wives and seven slave girls, who immolated themselves on the funeral pyre of their deceased lord. The knobs representing the queens, are crowned, while plain knobs mark the sacrifices of the equally devoted but less legal wives, the slave girls. Two more knobs are in honor of two pigeons who, being accidentally enveloped in the great mass of flames, were burnt, and are given the honor of satti, or self-sacrifice.
The marble Baaradari of devi in one of the chambers,was the property of Maharani Jindan, mother of Dulip Singh, who , on her removal from Lahore, made a gift of it to the Samadhi. In the small niches of the side walls are placed the marble images of the Hindu gods, which are worshipped by the disciples of the guru.
The building was commenced by Kharak Singh, but his untimely death prevented him from completing it. Sher Singh executed part of the work, but it could not be finished until the latter period of Dulip Singh’s reign. The marble arches of the interior were once in a dangerous state, but were clamped with iron, and strengthened with fresh materials, under order of Sir Donald Macleod, late Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab.
Within the enclosure of the Samadhi long bearded Sikh priests will be found reading the Granth, or the Sikh scriptures, over which is reverentially waved a chauri, or fan of peacock- feathers, an emblem of sanctity. The sitar, so fondly heard by Nanak from his faithful disciple Mardana, is played and sacred hymns, describing the deeds of their gurus, are sung with fervor.
Two small domed buildings on one side of the mausoleum are the memorials of Kharak Singh, the son, and Nao Nihal Singh, the grandson, of the Maharaja. Below the Samadhi of Ranjit Singh, by the side of the road leading from the Roshnai Gate to the external plain, is the shrine of Arjun Mal the fifth Sikh Guru, and the compiler of the “Adi Granth”, which now forms the principal portion of the Sikh scriptures.
After partition of India, due to very cordial relations, with Sikh Community the place on arrival of ‘Yatris’ from India is the 1st point of visit. The adjoining area towards north has been made a sports stadium. On various religious days there is lot of hustle bustle especially by the Sikh community. The samadhi is a religios place of Sikh Visitors.

Address: Qila Road, Lahore, Pakistan

 

Landmarks < Lahore < Lahore District < Punjab < Pakistan

Nearby locations < 1 km

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