History of Rohtas Fort in Urdu By: Date:
Rohtas Fort (Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس Qila Rohtas) is a historical garrison fort built by king Farid Khan (Sher Shah Suri), located near the city of Jhelum in Pakistan
. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pashtun and Hindu architecture in the Indian Subcontinent. Rohtas Fort is one of the most imposing historical monuments which represents the Pathan period of architecture style in Pakistan
. The Rohtas fort lies sprawling upon a low rocky hill to the north of Jhelum in a bend of the river Ghan (mostly spelled as Kahan). The gigantic fort is founded on steep rocks jutting into the river Kahan, its ramparts protected on the west and north sides by the river and by high hills on its east and south. It was never taken by assault and survives intact to the present day. The main fortifications consist of the massive walls, which extended for more than 4km; they are lined with bastions and pierced by monumental gateways.
Reasons of construction:
Sher Shah constructed Qila Rohtas to block Emperor Humayun's return to India after defeating him in the Battle of Kanauj. This fort lies on the old GT road between the North (Afghanistan and western Pakistan
today) to the Plains of Punjab. It blocked the way from Peshawar to Lahore. The other reason was to suppress the local tribe of this region Potohar called Gakhars and Sher shah suri was scared from Gakhars and made the fort to save him self and rased army. who were allies of Humayun and refused their allegiance to Sher Shah Suri. The Emperor instructed the local Janjua Rajput tribe to help construct the fort to crush the Gakhars when the latter became openly defiant and persecuting laborers who attended the construction.
The Fort was built by Todar Mal under orders of Sher Shah.
Rohtas Fort is located in Jhelum District of Punjab near the small town of Deena. The main access to the fort is from G.T road from Islamabad or Lahore. The fort is approachable from the main highway if one turns right at Deena, which is a railway station as well as one of the busiest bus stops also about 100 km. from Islamabad. It is, however, difficult to reach Rohtas Fort during the rainy season as there is no bridge on the river Ghaan.
- Sher Shah Suri Museum at Sohail Gate
- Visitor Information Center at Sohail Gate
- Bari Bowli (134 step down stone cut well)
- Haveli Man Singh
- Rani Mahal
- Phansi Ghat
- Shahi Mosque
- Shishi Langar Khani Gate
- Shahi Bowli
- Talaqi Gate