History of Bibi Pak Daman Lahore


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Bibi Pāk Dāman (Urdu: بی بی پاکدامن) is the name given to the shrine and mausoleum of Ruqayyah bint Ali located in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. Legend has it that it holds the graves of six ladies from Muhammad's household (Ahl Al-Bayt). Ruqayah bint Ali ibn Abu Talib was the daughter of the first Prophet Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law Ali ibn Abu Talib with his wife Umm al banin bint Huzaam. Ruqayah bint Ali was the full sister of Hadrat Abbas ibn Ali and also the wife of Muslim ibn Aqeel (emissary of third Shi'a Imam Husayn ibn Ali to Kufah). Others are said to be Muslim ibn Aqil's sister and daughters. It is said that these ladies came here after the event of the battle of Karbala on the 10th day of the month of Muharram in 61 AH (October 10, AD 680). Some scholars consider Ruqayah to have been the daughter of Sayid Ahmed Tokhta (12th century).
Bibi Pāk Dāman along with some companions came to Lahore after the tragedy of Karbala. It is said a certain Hindu Raja who then ruled Lahore on hearing of the news of their arrival summoned them to his court, but as they were purdah observing ladies they prayed to God for death.
The earth thereupon opened, and the pious lady and her companion ladies were buried alive. There is some controversy about this legend for it is held that no lady related to Hazrat Ali was named Bibi Haj. Moreover it is argued that after the tragedy of Karbala there was no point in any Muslim ladies coming to Lahore which was ruled by the Hindus. Some scholars told that Bibi Haj was the daughter of Syed Ahmed Tokhta who died in the closing years of the 12th century and whose shrine is inside Akbari gate. There are again some scholars who hold that the daughter of Syed Ahmad Tokhta was married to the ruler of Kech Mekran and she died at Mekran and never came to Lahore.
We find that Hazrat Ismail whose shrine is on Hall Road came to Lahore before the conquest of Lahore by the Muslims. It is probable that some Muslim ladies might have also come to Lahore during that period, and though not actually related to Hazrat Ali they might have been Syed and therefore his descendants.
Bibi Pak Daman, which means the "chaste lady, is the collective name of the six ladies believed to interred at this mausoleum, though it is also popularly used to refer to the personage of Ruqayyah bint Ali alone. They were among the women who brought Islam to South Asia, preaching and engaging in missionary activity in the environs of Lahore. It is said that Data Ganj Bakhsh, considered a great Sufi saint of the subcontinent, was himself a devotee of the Bibi Pak Daman shrine and received holy knowledge from this auspicious shrine. Recently Government of Pakistan has approved the expansion of the Bibi Pak Daman's shrine. keeping in view the needs of the zaireen visiting the shrine from all over the world.

Address: Bibi Paak Daaman is located between Garhi Shahu and Railway Station area. The easiest way to go to Bibi Paak Daaman is from the Empress Road and from there, take the small road opposite Police Lines and then the first left-turn.Muhammad Nagar, Lahore, Pakistan
Lahore < Lahore District < Punjab < Pakistan

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