A Common man becomes SUPERMAN: Dr Adeeb Rizvi


 By: Sumera Liaquat Ali  Date:
A Common man becomes SUPERMAN: Dr Adeeb Rizvi

Life is a precious gift given by Allah. There are lot many people in this world who are enjoying their life but in these so many people there are humans who suffer from disease and ultimately their quality of life is compromised. Kidney failure is one such disease in which patient is not able to excrete out urine and it all accumulates in the body. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide problem that contributes to death toll and increases the global burden of disease. Schieppati, A. & Remuzzi,G. (2005) stated that, According to the World Health Report 2002 and Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project, kidney and urinary tract infections, alone contribute to the global burden of diseases, with approximately 850,000 deaths every year and 15,010,167 disability-adjusted life years. In Pakistan the prevalence of CKD, according to economic survey 2005, is nearly 21 million people having either stage 3 or 4 of CKD, (Kazmi, 2013). Medical Science has identified the solution to the problem i.e. kidney transplantation. It is the procedure where tissue of the donor is matched with the patient and kidney is transplanted. It is an extensive procedure which requires extra post-operative care for patients and donors. This procedure helps the individual to spend and enjoys the routine life normally. Mine is one such family who has suffered the pain of this disease. My father was a kidney patient and he was able to spend the quality life after the kidney transplantation. We were a happy family and suddenly kidney disease becomes the villain of our lives and out of the blue we found a superman to save the life. The name of that superman is DR ADEEB UL HASSAN RIZVI.


Dr Adeebul Hassan Rizvi is a well-known Kidney specialist and surgeon in Pakistan. He is the Director of SIUT - Sind Institute of Urology and Transplantation. Just recently, it is also catering to the liver diseases. The institute started in 1971 with 8 bed hospital and currently it has become Pakistan's leading, accredited and recognized hospitals with state of the art infrastructure and medical facilities. SIUT has reached this level under the leadership of the great man Dr Adeeb Ul Hassan Rizvi. He dedicated his entire life working for the kidney diseases. He also introduced a law for the kidney transplant in 2007 called, Transplantation of Human Organs and Tissues Bill 2007. According to the law donor should have the relationship with patient and the donation should be voluntary. In addition to that if anybody found involved in organ trading, the bill announces 10 years of imprisonment with monetary penalty. Which was furthered endorsed by the religious scholars as well, who in response issued a fatwa. Kudos to Dr. Rizvi and his team for this is one of the greatest achievements in the history of Pakistan. During the process of social change Dr Rizvi and his team has to face several hurdles but he didn't give up and continued with the change process. He had several conversations with the government as well as with the scholars. He also motivated his patients to be the part of this social change and did several marathons and events to raise awareness. He appreciated those patients and their donors who donated their kidneys to their loved ones to give them a quality life. Whenever he encountered a patient with kidney disease he communicated with the family and told them to arrange the donor from within the family only. He don't prefer the kidney donation from outside the family or he refused to do the transplant. According to him, kidney from the family member has the better compatibility, less chances of rejection and lengthens the life. Moreover he provided regular and extensive 6 monthly checkups for the donor as well.


Another social change which this great legend Dr Adeeb Rizvi insists on is to restrict the selling and buying of the kidneys. There are some institutes who indulge in this process of selling and buying the kidney and do transplantation. He is not in favor because it has so many disadvantages. Firstly, this outside family transplantation has high rejection rate. Secondly, people take it as a source of income and sell their kidneys to earn money. Thirdly, there are many criminal activities where kidneys are sold out without the person's consent.


Kidney transplantation is the way to life for chronic renal disease patient. Dr Adeeb ul Hassan Rizvi become the bridge for the way to provide the quality life not to patient only but also for their families. SIUT is one of the institutes which are free of cost and for the whole extensive surgery; institute doesn't charge a single penny from the patient. In addition to that they provide medicine to patient as well as to the donor so they don't have any financial burdens for their care. Furthermore, it provides regular checkups for both patient and donor. Dr Adib and his staff have the single motto which is to serve the humanity and that motto is embraced in the culture of SIUT. He fills the light in the dark lives of patients and gives them unlimited happiness. Also, he provides jobs to his patients to give them sustainable life. He makes entrepreneurs and provides them with small machines and loans. He also teaches handicraft in the institute so that people can earn from this art as well. All these activities clearly depict that he does not only treat the disease of the patient as well as give them directions to live.


Dr Adib Rizvi act as major change agent and complete the task by bringing a law in Pakistan for the kidney transplantation. His team acts as a catalyst in this task. Bringing a social change is always difficult. He started his battle alone with a dream to start an institute for the kidney transplantation and ended up with a big team with the same mission and vision. It took him several years to change the mindset and bring about a behavioral change at the macro level (including government and religious authorities). I would like to conclude with the comment of one of his patient, who says, to bring any social change you need to be firm and adherent and keep this thing in mind that IT IS TO BE, ITS UP TO ME. (Late Liaquat Ali, Patient SIUT TX# 136).


References:

Schiepatti, A. & Remuzzi, G. (2005). Chronic renal diseases as a public health problem:Epidemiology, social, and economic implications. Kidney International, 68. Retrieved from http://www.nature.com/ki/journal/v68/n98s/full/4496430a.html


Kazmi, W.H. (2013). A Greater than Expected Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in Pakistan. Annals Abbasi Shaheed Hospital and Karachi Medical & Dental College, 18, (1).Pg 2-4. Retrieved from http://www.annals-ashkmdc.org/pdfs/2013/1/pdf2.pdf

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